Transporting oversized loads can be a project in itself. Large loads are tricky to manage on the road, and will likely run into many challenges along the way. Getting past these challenges quickly is essential to ensure the delivery is completed on time.
Shipping planners should account for the challenges the shipment will encounter beforehand and have a plan of action ready before they can cause delays or problems to the shipment. Here are 3 challenges of oversized shipping:
1. Meet legal requirements
Shipping oversized loads is complicated by the fact that states often differ on their definition of “oversized loads”. What may be considered a normal load in one state could be considered an oversized load in another, so it’s important to get oversized permits for each state your load will be traveling through.
Oversized loads that are transported without permits are subject to large fines that depend on the shipment’s weight.
Oversized loads are also subject to transportation laws that dictate the daytime hours during which they can be transported. Transportation of oversized shipments is usually restricted to daylight hours so that large loads are transported between sunrise and sunset.
However, transportation of oversized loads near major cities may be subject to further restrictions that ban shipments during traffic rush hours (i.e: from 6 am to 9 am, and 3 pm to 6 pm).
Shipping companies that transport oversized loads during restricted hours may be subject to a fine of $1000.
2. Challenges on the road
Shipment planners often have to spend long amounts of time working out the optimal transportation routes for trucks that are carrying oversized loads. To do this, they must have a good understanding of the vehicle that is transporting the load, the size and weight of the load being transported, and the roads that are suitable for transportation.
This can be especially tricky because oversized loads are often transported on longer trucks that have difficulty making turns. In addition to this, some oversized loads may get caught in low hanging power lines and damage them.
Extensive knowledge of road routes and conditions is needed beforehand when planning the transport route for oversized loads.
3. Meeting deadlines
Meeting deadlines can be especially tricky if the oversized load being transported is time-sensitive. Oversized loads often move at slow speeds and can be subject to road breakdowns. These problems will have to be resolved as quickly as possible to avoid the cargo from degrading or being damaged.
Breakdowns on the road can often lead to traffic disruptions or accidents occurring. So other people accompanying the truck in escort vehicles or pilot vehicles may have to divert traffic and/or seek help until the problem is resolved.
Each truck that is carrying an oversized load should be stocked with repair tools and equipment so ensure swift repairs in the event that a breakdown does occur.